Intelligence and knowledge are not the same thing, intelligence gives you the ability to acquire knowledge and also allows you to solve complex problems which a person who only has knowledge could not solve.
Knowledge is the set of skills and information that a person has acquired through learning and experience. Intelligence is the ability to apply knowledge and even the intelligence to solve a problem without having the knowledge.
Below we will explain the differences between intelligence and knowledge, and different points of view on how important it is to have a high IQ and how the effort and desire to acquire more knowledge regardless of the level of intelligence can help you excel.
Difference Between Intelligence and Knowledge (Table)
|It is innate.||It is acquired through a learning process.|
|It is unique for each person.||It can be purchased by anyone.|
|It cannot be acquired through practice.||It requires practice and effort to be acquired.|
|Help a person solve problems, deal with a situation, or create something new.||It helps one to know the root of a problem and how it came to be.|
Intelligence is innate, knowledge can be increased
We can find throughout history men with above-average intelligence who have been and will be remembered throughout history, such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Albert Einstein, Steve Jobs, among others.
How we can see intelligence is something you are born with, it is unique for each person and although you can carry out activities to keep your IQ in good shape, there is a ceiling for each person. An individual is naturally intelligent or more intelligent than average.
On the other hand, knowledge is something that is acquired over time, study, training, books, practice, research, experience and it is a constant learning process, it is available to everyone, anyone can increase their knowledge if you put your mind to it and although this will make you look smarter, it does not mean you are smarter.
Knowledge may be the same, intelligence may not.
Knowledge can be the same in different individuals, especially if they go to the same classes and study the same subjects. However, the intelligence of two people with similar knowledge will create different results in real life situations.
It is interesting to see that Steve Jobs had the same IQ as Bill Gates, they both created similar results, one created Apple and the other Microsoft.
Intelligence creates the answer, knowledge knows the answer
Intelligence is about doing the right things in the right way without asking for guidance, while knowledge takes one to acquire the skills to do something. The latter requires one to ask or learn anything in order to do so.
Knowledge helps to know about a problem or situation and how it came to be. Intelligence, on the other hand, helps an individual devise ways to deal with that situation or solve the problem at hand.
Knowledge accumulates over time, it is basically what people or someone already knows. They have gone through the process of acquiring it and are passing it on to others year after year increasing the database and knowledge base in the world. Intelligence helps the correct application of the knowledge acquired.
Here is an important point, the fact that someone lacks knowledge does not mean that they cannot apply their intelligence to solve the problem. This is where we can see intelligence in action, perhaps the knowledge exists to solve a problem in a certain way, but an intelligent person can find other ways to solve the same problem.
Knowledge and intelligence for success
Knowledge can take you far, without a doubt, the more knowledge the better prepared you will be to thrive and succeed in life, and the good news is that anyone of average intelligence can acquire a great deal of knowledge if they set their minds to it. strive to achieve it.
The other good news is that according to Warren Buffet, the billionaire and expert investor in finance and investment, tells us that if you have an IQ above 130 you can give the rest away.
Even if you have an IQ of 160, Buffett says you should just “give someone else 30 points” because “you don’t need a lot of brains to be in this business.”
According to Buffet all you need is 130 points. Although Buffet talks about the business of finance and numbers.
Having a high IQ helps but it’s not everything. It is worth remembering that there are several types of intelligence around twelve types of intelligence, and the school only measures a small percentage of those intelligences.
Even geniuses like Albert Einstein, who was thought by many to be a failure in school, did not let his performance in school get in the way of his achievements in life.
With an average IQ, success is possible for those who work to achieve it. You don’t have to be a genius to succeed in life. As a curious fact, the average IQ varies between 85 to 115.
I found an anonymous quote that says: “Knowledge is having the right answer. Intelligence is asking the right question.
Which is quite interesting and gives us an idea of the differences. If you have a problem and you have already studied the solution, you have enough knowledge to solve it. However, if you have an unsolvable problem, intelligence is what will help you solve it.
As Einstein said: “If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on it, I would use the first 55 minutes to figure out the right question, because once I knew the right question, I could solve the problem in less than five minutes. ”
After all, intelligence gives us the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and develop skills. And this is possible with average intelligence. Some of us may have to work harder than others.
Let’s consider the studies of the psychologist Carol Dweck who explains in her book “Mindset” the difference between the growth mindset and the fixed mindset.
Basically Dweck tells us that the effort and desire to learn more every day makes you smarter and you will achieve the success you are looking for, even above people smarter than you, who only trust their intelligence, effortlessly.
A fixed mindset is when people believe that their basic qualities, like intelligence or talent, are fixed traits. They spend their time using their intelligence or talent at whatever level it is, rather than developing it, and they believe that talent alone creates effortless success.
In the growth mindset people believe that their most basic skills can be developed through dedication and effort, brains and talent are just a starting point. The growth mindset is essential for great achievements. If you want to read more about Carol Dweck’s study and how to apply it to your daily life, continue reading the article “Growth mindset. If you think you can, you can.”