When a person says or writes something, he, first of all, talks about himself. What words he uses, how he waves his hands, when he grins or frowns in disgust – all this gives a lot of information in order to compose his psychological portrait. Who needs such portraits besides employees of special services and how to “draw” oneself, we will tell in the article.
What is a psychological portrait?
A psychological portrait is a complex psychological characteristic of a person, which reflects his inner appearance, helps to predict his actions and reactions in significant situations. Such a psychological characteristic can be drawn up after a personal conversation with a person, on the basis of his written story about himself, or after analyzing his page on social networks. To draw up a comprehensive psychological portrait, a combination of special techniques, questionnaires, tests is used.
Previously, psychological portraits painted on canvas were popular. In them, the artists tried not only to retell the events, but to convey the character and feelings of the hero of the picture as accurately as possible, to tell about his position in society, interaction with others. Today psychological portraits are popular in photography. This extraordinary and intellectual trend in modern photography makes it possible to express the inner world of the model, not the photographer.
What is a psychological portrait? Physicians, psychologists, sociologists, personnel managers, lawyers, detectives, and teachers do not draw but compose a textual psychological characteristic of a person. In fact, the written characteristics that were issued in schools and enterprises are the same psychological portraits.
Why make a psychological portrait of a person?
- To better understand yourself. It helps to reveal unclear moments of behavior, to find out your reactions to stimuli or joyful moments, to deal with motivation, to detect difficulties in communication.
- To choose a profession. Usually, school graduates are looking for a profession, but they change their field of activity at the age of 30 and 40. It especially helps those who are still choosing a university or thinking about changing their profession.
- To find out compatibility with a potential partner. If necessary, it helps to determine the positive or negative personality traits, which are called “at the start” of the relationship. Or choose a different style of behavior in conflict situations.
- Find a new job seeker for the position. It helps when the employer does not want to act “by trial and error”, but seeks to select the right employees for the position and ensure the safety of the company.
- ” Probe” a potential client or business partner. A correctly drawn up customer profile helps to develop negotiation tactics, draw up a unique selling proposition, and generally understand who it is: a serious partner or a fraudster.
Components of a psychological portrait.
A psychological description can be made for oneself or another person can be described. But in any case, it includes the required components:
- Temperament. Traditionally, the types of temperaments are divided into sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, melancholic and determine the style of a person’s behavior.
- Intelligence. Determines the ability to learn, adapt, rational thinking.
- Character. These are stable features of behavior that determine the attitude towards work, towards other people, towards oneself, towards things.
- Ability to communicate. Includes verbal, non-verbal, semantic (semantic) manner of communication.
- Abilities. General abilities include readiness for work, the flexibility of mind, adaptability, productivity.
- Emotionality. Rather, the ability to manage and control your emotionality.
- Self-esteem. This is an emotional-value attitude towards oneself, which is expressed in an underestimated, overestimated, adequate self-esteem.
- Directionality. It is based on the motivational-need sphere, which can be directed towards a task, towards communication, towards oneself.
- Self-control level. This is the control of one’s own actions and influences, which includes emotional control, self-control of behavior.
- The ability for group interaction. This is the ability to communicate, the ability to maintain a conversation, find common topics or interests.
What is a psychological portrait of a personality? There are many methods for drawing up a psychological portrait, and it makes no sense to use all of them at the same time. The HR manager can combine several methods depending on the future position of the applicant. For example, for some specialties, the priority is a responsibility, resistance to stress, while for others – communication skills, the ability to persuade.
There are standard personal and professional questionnaires with which you can compose a psychological portrait – an example of a questionnaire, along with its transcript, can be found in the public domain on the Internet. The most popular are:
- Temperament Type Test
- Perception type test
- Test: Beck Depression Scale
- Loneliness test
- Test: child, adult, parent
- Test: Self-esteem scale
- Self-assessment test
- Self-confidence test
- Self-doubt test
- Freud test
But aerobatics is the psychological profile of the offender, which is made up by investigators-profilers. After all, they do not receive information from tests, and often do not even go to the crime scene. Based on photographs, protocols, expert reports, profilers make assumptions about the possible age, marital status, upbringing, sexual maturity of the offender, so that later on, using these data, they make up a future behavior algorithm.
How to learn to draw up a psychological portrait?
It is clear that this is a matter of knowledge and experience. After all, even the test results need to be able to decipher correctly. But it is possible to do without them. There are less time-consuming but more effective methods that can help you build a psychological profile of a person. Even the one you see for the first time.
- Appearance. This is only the first stage of acquaintance, which does not give a 100% guarantee of correctness, but it helps to make a first impression. You can appreciate the neat/sloppy appearance, cleanliness of shoes, simplicity/pretentiousness of accessories. And also – pay attention to tattoos or additional things that a person holds in his hands.
- Language of the body. These are gestures, facial expressions, involuntary hand movements that follow thought.
- Speech. How a person speaks or formulates a thought, what words or expressions they use, perhaps they use the slang of a particular subculture or professional jargon.
- Handwriting analysis. Graphological analysis of the handwritten text is one of the most ancient and popular methods that were used to determine the traits of a person’s character, inclinations, predispositions to certain actions.
- Facial features. The ancient science of physiognomy gradually developed into psycho-physiognomy – psychodiagnostics of a person by facial features, the structure of the skull, and mimic wrinkles.
What is a psychological portrait? But these points have one big “but” in common – they all require knowledge, observation, experience. Only super-professionals can scan and correctly assess the interlocutor from the first minutes of communication. And newcomers will have to compile a personal database: observe acquaintances, make assumptions, and then draw up a psychological portrait and check their predictions with reality. www.lovepsychologys.com